Phimosis is a condition in which the foreskin becomes contracted or scarred and can no longer be retracted. Symptoms may include discharge, pain, and redness. Chronic infection from poor hygiene is the most frequent cause. Circumcision is often required to successfully correct the problem. In certain instances in children, topical steroids may be used.
Paraphimosis is a condition in which the foreskin, once retracted, cannot be moved forward into the normal position. This condition can turn into an emergency and may lead to severe pain. Patients often go to the emergency room for treatment. The emergency room physician or urologist will use a simple technique to replace the foreskin back into the normal position. The urologist may recommend circumcision in future to prevent paraphimosis from happening again.
Meatal stenosis is a narrowing of the urethral opening that can lead to problems with urinating. This problem typically occurs in circumcised male children. Symptoms may include frequent urination, pain with urination, urinary tract infection, and incontinence. A simple operating room procedure called meatotomy may be necessary.